The Kinesiology program at the University of Guelph-Humber follows the citation guidelines provided by the American Physiological Society's American Journal of Physiology. Your professor may require variations on the official style. Please consult your professor for citing requirements for your assignments and essays to avoid any confusion.
If you quote directly (use the exact words from your source), use quotation marks and cite the page in the in-text citation.
If you paraphrase (use your own words to express the author's ideas), do not use quotation marks. You are not required to use the page number in the in-text citation.
According to the American Physiological Society:
“Reference lists for all APS journals should be arranged by order of in-text citation and numbered serially. The reference number should be placed in parentheses at the appropriate place in the text.” (1).
AJP requires you to list every single author instead of using the term ‘et al’. The one exception to this rule is if there is an inclusive name for the research group as a whole. In this case, the research group can be used as the author name in your citation (2).
1. Other-Author AA. 2021. References [Online]. American Physiological Society. https://journals.physiology.org/author-info.references [13 Sept. 2021].
2. International Author Association. 2021. Example References [Online]. American Physiological Society. https://journals.physiology.org/author-info.references [13 Sept. 2021].
Please note: neither of these web pages actually have author attribution; names have been created for illustrative purposes. Please note the use of quoting and paraphrasing in the examples above.